About Debian testing
Debian is a popular linux distribution. It differs from Ubuntu in that it has fewer pre-installed applications. I think it is suitable for both beginners and advanced users, because it allow you to do whatever you want with it.
You can even install “pure” Debian with around 200 packages in it (without systemd, dbus, pulseaudio and others). But now we gonna install Debian with graphical user interface (GUI).
But, what means “Debian testing”? That means that your distribution will have fresh but tested packages. It’s not ultra fresh (unstable), but also not too old (stable).
Let’s download it
Let’s do that. First, you need to go to the official website and download it.
Follow this way and don’t be scared:
Or you can type in google something like: “Debian testing netinst”
As you can see, there are a lot of headlines .
Choose one what would you like. They differ in the frequency of updating basic packages. Then, choose your processor architecture. So i choose weekly + i386(x32) CD.
Then, after your image is downloaded. You need to write it on USB stick. There are a lot of programs, but i like Universal USB Installer.
Then you need to boot from USB and the installation process will start.
Let’s install it
This is the first thing that appears
You can choose graphical install or install. They are differs by GUI.
The graphical install is beautiful but may not work on old machines with old BIOS.
The simple install looks like ncurses interface. It’s very light and work on every machine. But interface maybe scary.
Then you need to choose your language. It’s very simple.
Then, select your location (country):
Select a keymap to use:
Of course, it’s not a problem if you’re using several languages. You can set up it in the future.
Write the host name. it’s server settings. It’s not a big deal if you wanna just browsing internet or something. You can leave as is.
Just leave it empty.
Now it is very important. You need to write a password for the superuser ( root). Something like admin. As a root user, you can make the most important settings in your system. People don’t like every time to login like a root when they want install application’s or something. For this they install utility “sudo” and give permissions for the simple user.
It’s not necessary to type the full name. You can type only the name or the nickname.
Now you need to type username for your account. This is the main account on which you will spend time.
Now type the password. You will use it every time when computer turn on.
Select a timezone.
Pick guided partitioning if you wanna install linux on the whole disk. You can use manual partitioning if you know what you need.
Now there is two ways. You can install all directories in the root / or you can install /home separately. So, if you destroy your system files by some reasons, you can simply save your user files like a videos, photos, program configs and etc.
Click continue. Then installing starts. The main system files will be installed.
Just skip it. This is when components are distributed across multiple disks. These are huge iso images what isn’t relevant for netinst.
Here you need to choose the place closest to you. Then the speed of downloading applications should be fast. Just click “continue” on the next two pages.
Finally, pick Xfce. If you don’t use the printer unpick “printer server”. Unpick “SSH server” if you don’t use it.
Usually, GRUB can easily detect other systems on the disk. In this case, it gives the opportunity to choose on the system load stage. For example, you can easily install Windows and Linux together and switch between them. It’s called “Dual boot”. Nothing is installed on this disk, so I can safely say that GRUB is not wrong. Pick “Yes”.
Pick your hard disk.
Enter your username and userpass.